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The Black Little Leaguers Who Helped Kickstart the Fashionable Civil Rights Motion Podcast Episode One 12 months Aug 31, 2023 6:00 AM

The Cannon Avenue All-Stars dreamed of taking part in within the 1955 Little League World Collection. Their greatest impediment didn’t come on the sphere. Within the yr that Rosa Parks refused to surrender her seat on a public bus, these Black 12-year-olds turned unlikely civil rights pioneers—and confronted the wrath of a white society that wasn’t prepared to vary.

Josh Levin is One 12 months’s editorial director. One 12 months’s senior producer is Evan Chung.

This episode was produced by Kelly Jones and Evan Chung, with further manufacturing by Sophie Summergrad.

It was edited by Joel Meyer and Derek John, Slate’s government producer of narrative podcasts.

Merritt Jacob is our senior technical director.

Be part of Slate Plus to get the primary three episodes of One 12 months: 1955 immediately—and a bonus 1955 story on the finish of the season. Slate Plus members additionally get to hearken to all Slate podcasts with none advertisements. Enroll now to help One 12 months.

Sources for This Episode


Godfrey, Buck. The Group No one Would Play, Dorrance Publishing Co., Inc., 2008.

Lamb, Chris. Stolen Goals: The 1955 Cannon Avenue All-Stars and Little League Baseball’s Civil Warfare, College of Nebraska Press, 2022.


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“Cannon Avenue Group Left in Chilly,” Charleston Information and Courier, July 28, 1955.

“Colour Barrier Causes S.C. Ban in LL,” United Press, July 30, 1955.

“Dan Jones Steps Down; Two Extra Groups Refuse,” Related Press, July 25, 1955.

“Danny Jones Resigns Little League Place,” Charleston Information and Courier, July 24, 1955.

“Twin Tourneys for S.C. Little League Rejected,” Related Press, July 9, 1955.

Frazier, Herbert. “Cannon Avenue Y Is No Stranger to Battle, Change,” Publish and Courier, Dec. 21, 2003.

Fuller Lucas, Christine. “Half-rubber a sport of the ages in Savannah and Charleston,” Savannah Morning Information, June 1, 2012.

Gormley, Chuck. “Little Leaguers confronted racial injustices,” Courier-Publish, July 24, 2005.

Holt, Augustus. “Group Demonstrated Braveness,” Publish and Courier, Feb. 23, 1995.

“Jones Resigns as S.C. Little League Head,” Charleston Information and Courier, July 24, 1955.

Koon, Warren. “Charleston-Born Baseball Group Rising Quick,” Charleston Night Publish, Jan. 12, 1956.

Koon, Warren. “Little Boys League Beneath Approach Regionally,” Charleston Night Publish, Feb. 1, 1956.

Koon, Warren. “Little League Stand Attracts Reward, Criticism,” Charleston Night Publish, August 9, 1955.

Koon, Warren. “Nationwide Little League Turns Down State’s Request for Separate White, Negro Tourneys,” Charleston Night Publish, July 9, 1955.

Koon, Warren. “S.C. Groups Could Drop Little League Tieup,” Charleston Night Publish, July 19, 1955.

Koon, Warren. “State’s Little League Tourney Race Query Resolved as White Groups Plan to Withdraw,” Charleston Night Publish, July 7, 1955.

Lacy, Sam. “S.C. Little Leaguers given ovation at World Collection,” Afro-American, Sept. 3, 1955.

“Little League State Tourney Set At Air Drive Base,” Greenville Information, July 14, 1955.

“Little Loop Tourney Could Have 15 Entries,” Charleston Information and Courier, July 14, 1955.

“Little League Tourney Record Dwindles Quick,” Charleston Night Publish, July 25, 1955.

“Massachusetts Author Blasts the Snubbing of Little League Group,” Related Negro Press, Aug. 12, 1955.

“Nation Horrified by Homicide of Kidnapped Chicago Youth,” Jet, Sept. 15, 1955.

“Negro Little League Opens Wednesday At Harmon Discipline,” Charleston Night Publish, April 17, 1954.

“Negro Little League Group Will Compete,” Charleston Information and Courier, June 22, 1955.

“Negro Group to Compete for SC Little League Title,” the State, June 22, 1955.

“Negro Group to Pay its Personal Strategy to Williamsport,” United Press, Aug. 8, 1955.

“Negro Group Wins S.C. Title,” Jet, Aug. 11, 1955.

“Race Concern In Recreation,” Charleston Information and Courier, July 26, 1955.

“Reliving historical past – Charleston honored the 1955 Cannon Avenue YMCA All-Stars Baseball Group,” Lowcountry Panorama, June 15, 2022.

Sapakoff, Gene. “Little League’s Civil Warfare in ‘55: A Black All-Star Group Was Sidelined by a Racial Boycott in South Carolina,” Sports activities Illustrated, Oct. 30, 1995.

Sauer, Patrick. “The Little League Group That By no means Obtained The Likelihood To Play,” Defector, Aug. 18, 2022.

“South Carolina Nines ‘Secede’ from Little Loop Play,” United Press, July 28, 1955.

“South’s Trouble With Little League Rising,” Charleston Information and Courier, Aug. 19, 1955.

“State’s Little League Stand Could Set Course for Others,” Charleston Night Publish, July 28, 1955.

“When One Mom Defied America: The Photograph That Modified the Civil Rights Motion,” Time, July 10, 2016.

“White Little League Groups Bolt Tourney,” Charleston Information and Courier, July 8, 1955.

Younger, A.S. “Doc.” “Inside Sports activities,” Jet, Aug. 11, 1955.

Younger, Dick. “The Sports activities of Kings and Queens,” New York Every day Information, July 31, 1955.


“The Story of 1955 Cannon Avenue YMCA Little League,” Little League, Feb. 25, 2020.